Integrating Montana Indian Content Instruction

Indian Education for All

OKi (Hello), Welcome to our website.  We would like to give you the gift of wisdom. In this site you will find many valuable resources to use in your classroom.  It is our goal to integrate into the existing curriculum Indian Education for All (goals/methods/instruction) that are
  • authentic
  • accurate
  • sensitive
  • positive
  • and free from stereotypes 

Please feel free to use the lessons and resource links we have prepared in this site.

Essential Understanding of American Indians

Essential Understanding 1

There is a great diversity among the 12 tribal Nations of Montana in their languages, cultures, histories, and governments. Each Nation has a distinct and unique cultural heritage that contributes to modern Montana.

Essential Understanding 2

There is a great diversity among individual American Indians as identity is developed, defined and redefined by many entities, organizations and people. There is a continuum of Indian identity ranging from assimilated to traditional and is unique to each individual. There is no generic American Indian.

Essential Understanding 3

The ideologies of Native traditional beliefs and spirituality persist into modern day life as tribal cultures, traditions and languages are still practiced by many American Indian people and are incorporated into how tribes govern and manage their affairs.  Additionally, each tribe has its own oral history beginning with their origins that are as valid as written histories. These histories pre-date the "discovery" of North America.

Essential Understanding 4

Reservations are land that have been reserved by the tribes for their own use through treaties and was not "given" to them. The principle that land should be acquired from the Indians only through their consent with treaties involved three assumptions:

1. That both parties to treaties were sovereign powers.

2. That Indians tribes had some form of transferable title to the land.

3.  That acquistion of Indian lands was solely a government matter not to be left individual.

Essential Understanding 5

There were many federal policies put into place throughout American history that have impacted Indian people and shape who they are today. Much of Indian history can be related through several major federal policy periods. Example: Colonization Period, Treaty Period, Allotment Period, Boarding School Period, Tribal Reorganization Period, Termination, and Self-determination.

Essential Understanding 6

History is a story and most often related through the subjective experience of the teller. Histories are being rediscovered and revised. History told from an Indian perspective conflicts with what most of mainstream history tells us.

Essential Understanding 7

Under the American legal system, Indian tribes have sovereign powers separate and independent from the federal and state governments. However, the extent and breadth of tribal sovereignty is not the same for each tribe.

Cut Bank Schools   Cut Bank High School    Cut Bank Middle School    Anna Jeffries Elementary

HC Davis Elementary




Links to:




Lesson Plan Template


Print Resources